Parrilla

Parrilla

Are you curious about the different ways of grilling in South America? Here’s a walkthrough of what a Parrilla is and how to use it.

Overview

There are many ways of cooking food over live fire. One of several commmon ways of grilling in South America is by using a so called Parrilla. It’s a kind of fireplace where you burn wood into charcoal which is then shuffled to the side to use for cooking food. A parrilla can be very simple, like grill grates placed on two rocks on the ground with charcoal underneath, or large commercially built grills with a crankshaft to raise and lower the grill grates over the fire.

Cooking food in this way is referred to as cooking ‘a la parrilla’, you can also cook your food ‘al asador’. The latter refers to the ‘asadores’, the metal crosses upon which the carcass is splayed open and then placed over glowing embers. This article focuses on cooking ‘a la parrilla’.

Parrilla from above
Parrilla from above

Construction

A common way of constructing a parrilla is by building it kind of like a table where there’s a cradle of sorts on one side where you place the logs/splits. When the logs progressively turn into charcoal the charcoal is shuffled over to the other side, underneath the grill grates, where the food is cooked. So the fire wood has to turn into glowing embers first.

Dimensions

I made this Parrilla 1 meter tall (40″), 97 cm wide (39″), 63 cm deep (25″). The grill grates measure 60 x 65 cm (23.5″ x 25.5″).

The fireplace (‘brasero’)

If you want to build your own there are few things worth noting. It’s gonna get very hot where the fire is, so oversized material is recommended. The log ‘cradle’ I constructed is made of 20 mm (25/32″) solid square bar, so it will last a long time. Round or square tube won’t last, the fire will burn through. A good distance between the bars is 5-8 cm (2-3″), no more. This provides adequate room for the glowing embers to fall through.

The brasero of a Parilla
The brasero of a Parilla

The fireplace is surrounded by bricks (‘fogonero’) which not only blocks heat radiation, but also (when cooking outside) provides wind protection.

The cooking side/grill grates

This part is less complicated. I fabricated grill grates by using ordinary expanded metal, but any other choice will do. using stainless round bars (lots of them in parallel) works great, and is easier to clean. So, what about coal bed to grill grates distance? Well, 15-18 cm (6-7″) is recommended, no more. This provides a good height where you can increase heat (if needed) by shuffling more coals underneath.

Parrilla grill grates
Parrilla grill grates

YouTube Video: custom building a Parrilla

Usage

Fire Wood

You use the hardwoods that are available locally. Just like for traditional barbecue you steer clear of the trees with high sap content, like pine or larch. But a lot of other types of wood are good to use. Oak is very common in American barbecue, but here it is less well suited since it goes directly from burning log to ash. There’s no glowing ember middle stage. Mesquite is good, I use birch since that is what I have available. Normally I would never use birch in my offset smoker, I really dislike it’s smoke flavor, but this type of cooking is different. We don’t smoke meat, we grill it, and for that birch is a good option.

Starting the fire

Start by placing a few splits in the firebox. I prefer splits to get the fire started. Place a few fire starter cubes (or similar) underneath, directly on the fire bricks, and add some kindling. When the splits catch fire, keep adding a few more and then add logs. Make sure you get a real good fire going, we want the wood to burn so it produces charcoal.

Starting a fire in a Parrilla
Starting a fire in a Parrilla
Burning logs in a Parrilla
Burning logs in a Parrilla

As charcoal and glowing embers fall down on the bricks, keep shovelling them over to where the food is.

Glowing embers in a Parrilla
Glowing embers in a Parrilla

Use a long shovel, I fabricated one like this:

Parrilla Shovel
Parrilla Shovel

The last thing I did was to mount wheels on it, so much easier to move it around. That was a smart thing, if I may say so myself 🙂

Parrilla with wheels mounted
Parrilla with wheels mounted

YouTube video: how to grill a Tri tip on a Parrilla

YouTube video: how to grill a Tomahawk on a Parrilla

16 thoughts on “Parrilla”

  1. Hey Henrik, great video! Can you tell me the basic dimensions like overall height, width, length and also the dimensions of the grilling grate itself? How did you go about cutting the fire brick for the left side? I have a local shop here in town that I’m looking at getting an estimate to build one of these for me. I’d like to give them my business since they are local and also think the cost may be more reasonable than purchasing from a retailer.
    I appreciate all the help!
    Fritz (Hulagn1971 on Amazingribs)

    1. Hey Fritz! I just added the dimensions to the page (under the ‘Construction’ heading), I hope that helps. I bought a diamond cutting blade for my steel grinder. You have to use a special cutting disc for cutting through the fireproof bricks. It is extremely dusty, so if you’re gonna do it, do it outside 🙂 But with the right tools it wasn’t too hard. Fireproof bricks come in different dimensions, I checked size before constructing my parrilla, so I could get an even number of bricks in there (roughly).

      Cheers, Henrik

      1. Hi Henrik
        A fantastic video! This has motivated me to build my own…should be an adventure having not welded before.
        Can I ask what thickness of sheet metal you went for and if it is holding up ok?

        1. Thanks Doug! I use 2 mm sheet metal, it’s holding up just fine. But I reinforced the bottom with a few bars, and also those fire proof bricks block a lot of heat, so I would do the same if I had to rebuild it today.

          Cheers, Henrik

  2. Hi Hank, nice design! I wondered if you really need to use fire bricks given the relatively low temperatures involved. Ordinary clay housebricks – especially old, hand-made ones – are readily available for free and much easier to work with in these straightened times. What don you think?

    1. Thanks! I use fire proof bricks because then I know they will last forever. But ordinary bricks work fine too. They may crack after using them for quite some time, but then it’s easy and cheap to replace.

  3. C. Brandon Chapman

    This is such a fantastic video. I used to live in Argentina and love a good wood-fired asado. This is a very cool parrilla you’ve built and now I’m inspired to build my own.

    The only difference I think I’ll do is have the parrilla itself be adjustable.

    Again, you’ve inspired me :).

    1. Hi Brandon,

      Was wondering if you figured out on how to create an adjustable parrilla?

      Thanks in advanced

      Cheers

  4. Hi Hank,

    I now know what my 2021 summer project will be! Great contraption you build and good video to support the construction of parrilla.
    Was wondering if you can guide me of the steel you have been using, Swedish name (since I live in SE).

    I’ll keep U posted on the progress and U will receive an invite for BBQ inspired by Francis Mallmann in the fall.

    Cheers

  5. Hey Hank, I really liked the video you have made. I’m in the process of making my own Parrilla grill, I came across your page when looking for ideas on how to build one and it’s given me great inspiration! I’m currently in the process of building the main frame working out the dimensions to accommodate the fire bricks nicely. Can I ask is there a certain type of fire brick you used and how did you go about getting them?

    Cheers David.

    1. Hi David, and thanks!

      I just went to the large diy/construction stores like Wickes (or similar) that carry them. No particular brand, these are used when refurbishing old fire places, so they’re generally available. I picked those that are 1″ thick, as it suited my needs. I know there are 2″ thick ones too, but that’s overkill for what I’m using them for.

      Cheers, Henrik

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